Device

The device and getInputs parameters of the Sprite methods can be used to interact with the platform, like getting mouse coordinates and playing sound effects.

loop({ device, getInputs }) {
const inputs = getInputs();
const {
size,
log,
random,
timer,
now,
audio,
network,
storage,
alert,
clipboard,
isTouchScreen,
} = device;
...
},
Important

Functions like log and random replace console.log and Math.random. Using these ensures the game works across all platforms and tests (plus it keeps your Sprite methods pure).

getInputs#

A function which returns an object of the device's input state. The value depends on the platform your game is running on. See Platforms for the values available.

Platforms share similar input object shapes. For example, both the web and mobile platforms have a pointer field (relative to the Sprite's position):

const hitX = inputs.pointer.x;
Important

The pointer is relative to the Sprite's position and rotation. If your Sprite has an x position of 100, and you click at an x position of 50, the value of inputs.pointer.x in the Sprite will be translated to -50. To do this translation in Replay Test you can pass in a mapInputCoordinates function.

size#

An object of the device's size. See Game Size for info on this.

log#

A platform independent way of logging messages. Replaces console.log.

log("debug message");

random#

Returns a random number between 0 - 1. Replaces Math.random.

const spawnY = random() * 500;

timer#

Run, pause and cancel timers.

start(callback, ms)#

Run a callback after a time in milliseconds, returns an id string. Replaces setTimeout.

const timerId = device.timer.start(() => {
// Do stuff
}, 500);

pause(id)#

Pause a timer using its ID.

device.timer.pause(timerId);

resume(id)#

Resume a paused timer using its ID.

device.timer.resume(timerId);

cancel(id)#

Cancel a timer using its ID. It will not be possible to resume the timer, but the callback is cleaned up.

device.timer.cancel(timerId);

now#

Get the current time and date as a Date object. Replaces new Date().

const date = now();

audio#

Play audio files in your game.

const mySound = audio("sound.wav");

Note that the file must be loaded using preloadFiles before you can play it.

The returned object has the following methods:

play#

Play the audio file. If the file is already playing, another sound will be played at the same time (unless overwrite is set to true).

The first argument is optional and can be a number (start time in seconds) or an object with the following fields:

  • fromPosition: (Optional) Where to start the audio file from in seconds, same as providing the first argument as a number.
  • overwrite: (Optional) If this audio file is already playing, remove it first. Default false.
  • loop: (Optional) Keep playing the audio when it finishes. Default false.
  • playbackRate: (Optional) The speed to play at, less than 1 slows audio down and more than 1 speeds it up. Default 1.

If no argument is provided or fromPosition is not defined in the argument object:

  • The audio will play from the beginning if:
    • It's the first time being played, or
    • The audio is already playing and overwrite is not set to true.
  • Otherwise, the audio will continue from where it was paused.
mySound.play();
mySound.play(10);
mySound.play({ overwrite: true });
mySound.play({ fromPosition: 10, overwrite: true, loop: true, playbackRate: 0.5 });

pause#

Pause the sound.

mySound.pause();

getPosition#

Get the current play position of the sound in seconds.

mySound.getPosition();

getStatus#

Get current status of the sound (as a string): playing or paused.

const status = mySound.getStatus();
const isPlaying = status === "playing";

getDuration#

Get the total duration of the sound in seconds.

mySound.getDuration();

setVolume#

Set the volume of the sound. 1 is maximum (default), 0 is muted. Resets when sound finishes playing.

mySound.setVolume(0);

getVolume#

Get the volume of the sound. 1 is maximum, 0 is muted.

const volume = mySound.getVolume();

network#

Make platform-independent networks calls. Returns and sends data as a JSON object.

network.get(url, callback);
network.post(url, body, callback);
network.put(url, body, callback);
network.delete(url, callback);
// Example
network.post("/api/score", { score: 5 }, (data) => {
const { success } = data;
log(`successful: ${success}`);
});

storage#

Platform-independent way of storing save data to the local device.

getItem(key)#

Retrieve a saved value by its string key. Returns a string or null.

const playerName = storage.getItem("playerName");

setItem(key, value)#

Set or remove a value in storage.

storage.setItem("playerName", "Replay");

Setting null will remove a field from storage:

storage.setItem("playerName", null);

alert#

Show an alert using the platform's dialog.

ok(message, onResponse)#

An alert dialog with an OK button. Game loop will be paused on some platforms.

alert.ok("Connected", () => {
// Optional callback to handle OK clicked
});

okCancel(message, onResponse)#

An alert dialog with an OK and cancel button. Game loop will be paused on some platforms.

device.alert.okCancel(
"Are you sure you want to delete this?",
(wasOk) => {
if (wasOk) {
// Delete it
} else {
// Cancel
}
}
);

clipboard#

Interact with the player's clipboard.

copy(text, onComplete)#

Asynchronously copy text to the clipboard. Callback has an error argument if unsuccessful (e.g. did not get permission).

clipboard.copy("ABCDEFG", (error) => {
if (error) {
// Couldn't copy to clipboard
} else {
// Success
}
});

isTouchScreen#

Boolean to indicate if the device is a touch screen device.

const text = isTouchScreen ? "Tap to Start" : "Space Bar to Start";